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  What images come to mind when you think of a trip to Venice? No doubt you imagine yourself taking a romantic gondola ride along narrow canals and under delicate bridges. Perhaps you picture the beautiful old buildings and famous works of art that have made the city one of Europe's leading tourist spots.

  Venice was built on more than 100 islands and has about 150 canals. The best-known of these, the Grand Canal, functions as the"main street"in the part of the city most popular with visitors. The canal winds through each of the six districts that comprise this historic city center before reaching Venice Lagoon.

  One of these districts, San Marco, is home to many of Venice's main attractions, including St. Mark's Basilica. This spectacular church has five main arches and some extraordinary onion-shaped domes. It is decorated with priceless treasures, many of which were stolen from other countries when medieval Venice was a leading sea power.

  想到威尼斯一游,你的腦海中會浮現出什么畫面?毫無疑問你一定會想象自己乘坐浪漫的平底船,沿著窄窄的運河航行,從一座座別致的橋下穿梭而過。也許你還會在腦海中勾勒出那些讓威尼斯成為歐洲一流旅游勝地的美麗古老建筑和藝術名作。

  威尼斯建在100多個小島上,擁有大約150條運河。最有名的運河就是"大運河",它位于市區游客最多的地方,并發揮"大街"的功能。這條運河在構成這個歷史上的市中心的六個行政區間蜿蜒穿流,最后流入威尼斯湖。

  行政區之一的圣馬可是許多威尼斯主要旅游景的中心,包括圣馬可大教堂。這座雄偉的大教堂有五道大拱門和數座壯觀的洋蔥形圓頂。教堂用很貴重的珠寶裝飾,其中許多是在中世紀威尼斯稱霸海權時從其它國家掠奪來的。

  活用詞匯

  1. gondola n.平底船

  2. Grand Canal n.大運河

  3. lagoon n.礁湖;瀉湖

  4. San Marco n.圣馬可

  5. St. Mark's Basilica n.圣馬可大教堂

  6. arch n.拱門

  7. dome n.圓屋頂

  8. medieval adj.中世紀的

  1. delicate

  adj. fine in construction, appearance, or detail精致的

  The girl was pretty; she had a delicate face.

  這女孩很美;她有張娟秀的面龐。

  2. work

  n. creation; product作品;著作

  When he finished the painting, he knew it was his greatest work.

  他一完成這幅畫作,他就知道這是他最好的作品。

  3. function

  v. to act; to serve發揮作用;運行

  He can't afford to pay the rent, so for now, his car will also function as his home.

  他付不起租金,所以目前他的車也當成他的家了。

  4. wind

  v. to curve; to turn蜿蜒

  The road winds through the forest.

  這條路蜿蜒穿過森林。

  5. comprise

  v. to be made up of組成

  Seven colors comprise a rainbow: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and purple.

  彩虹由七種顏色組成:紅、橙、黃、綠、藍、靛、紫。

  6. priceless

  adj. very valuable; so valuable as to be without a price無價的

  Good health is priceless.

  健康無價。

  St. Mark's Basilica stands at one end of St. Mark's Square. Napoleon called the square the"finest drawing room in Europe."Tourists have been going there for centuries to visit its celebrated caféand get a taste of the party atmosphere.

  The best time to visit Venice is during the clear spring days of March and April. From June to August, the city is hot, sticky, and crowded with tourists. Autumn is quite pleasant, but winters are cold. Floods are common in November and December, presenting Venetians with one of their most difficult and ongoing problems.

  It is well-known that Venice faces an uncertain future. The city is sinkingsintosthe sea, its historic buildings are falling to pieces, and the famous lagoon is badly polluted. Unless solutions are found soon for these complex problems, the"Queen of the Adriatic,"as Venice is sometimes called, will not be able to sit on her watery throne for very much longer.

  圣馬可大教堂聳立在圣馬可廣場的一端。拿破侖稱此廣場為"歐洲最美的客廳"。幾個世紀來,游客們紛沓而至,領略此地著名的咖啡館并感受歡樂的聚會氣氛。

  3月和4月晴朗的春日是拜訪威尼斯最適合的時間。從6月到8月,這兒潮濕悶熱,擠滿了游客。秋天的氣候宜人,冬天則寒冷。11月和12月常有水災,給威尼斯人出了一個既最難解決、又拖延最久的問題。

  眾所周知威尼斯的前途未卜。這座城市正逐漸沉入海中,歷史名建筑正破敗消失,著名的瀉湖已遭到嚴重污染。除非能盡快解決這些復雜的問題,否則這座被稱為"亞得里亞海皇后"的威尼斯城,不用多久就難保它的水上寶座了。

  活用詞匯

  1. St. Mark's Square n.圣馬可廣場

  2. drawing room n.客廳;休息室

  3. Queen of the Adriatic n.亞得里亞海之皇后

  Language Focus

  Pattern A

  St. Mark's Basilica stands at one end of St. Mark's Square.

  句型:

  S stand / sit / lie in/at/on…… 地點

  S be situated in/at/on…… 地點be located

  解析:表達"某物坐落于…"可用上述兩種句型。stand和sit這兩個動詞,通常用在直立的建筑物或物品,lie則用在平鋪之物。注意:stand, sit, lie等動詞要用主動用法;situate和locate須用被動語態。介詞視其后所接名詞決定。

  例1:Beijing lies in the north of China.

  北京位于中國的北方。

  例2:The white church was located on a hill.

  那座白色的教堂坐落在小山丘上。

  Pattern B

  Unless solutions are found soon for these complex problems, the"Queen of the Adriatic,"as Venice is sometimes called, will not be able to sit on her watery throne for very much longer.

  句型:

  Unless S V …… , S V……

  S V …… unless S V ……

  解析:1. unless引導表"條件"的副詞從句,意思是"除非…否則",注意不可與or連用。

  2. unless相當于"only if …… not"或"on the condition that ……"強調"除了…外的唯一條件"。

  通常不用假設語氣。

  例1:Unless Grant is a complete idiot, he'll understand.除非格蘭特是個完全的大白癡,不然他一定會明白。

  例2:The kid will die unless the doctor operates immediately.除非醫生馬上動手術,不然那個孩子會馬上死掉。
 

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