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翻譯考試中級口譯模擬試題

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  Target Text (for reference only):

  It is an inevitable choice that China unswervingly persists in keeping to the path of peaceful development, given the country's national conditions. During the 100 odd years following the Opium War in 1840, China suffered humiliation and insult from big powers. And thus, ever since the advent of modern times, it has become the nation's assiduously sought goal to eliminate war, maintain peace, build a country of independence and prosperity, and have a comfortable and happy life. Although it has made enormous achievements in development, China, with a huge population, a weak economic foundation and unbalanced development of its different regions, is still the largest developing country in the world. It is the central task of China to promote economic and social development while continuously improving its people's life. To stick to the path of peaceful development is the inevitable way for China to attain national prosperity and strength, and its people's welfare. What the Chinese people need and cherish most is a peaceful international environment. They are willing to do their best to make energetic contributions for the common development of all countries.

  總體來看,此次聽譯沒有出現難詞,也未出現大額數詞。先前的新東方口譯培訓中我們提到過,心記的重要性要遠遠大于筆記,除非筆記非常的熟練。此次的句子一如往常, 30 個字左右,都非常有邏輯性,因此心記配合一定的筆記綽綽有余。

  1. The most effective people are the same whether they are having a conversation with friends or giving a public speech to a large audience, and their gestures match their words.

  課堂上再三強調的最高級再次出現,以三次方帶過,之后迅速記下 conver 和 public 足足矣。最后的小半句話直接停留在腦中,聽完整句話后為免筆記最先翻譯。

  2. Americans have four major ways for making friends: at work, at school, through a hobby or a common interest, such as volunteer work, or through a mutual friend connection.

  列舉的長度史無前例地從 3 個延長到 4 個,記起來有一定難度,但理解起來不難。若無法記全 hobby 和 common interest ,只翻一個的話原則上不會扣分。關鍵要寫出四種交友方式的大意:工作、學習、(共同)愛好和朋友介紹。

  3. There are certain things such as breathing and eating, which babies can do at birth. Soon they learn to distinguish various people, and begin to make noises which seem like speech.

  關鍵字 breathing , eating 可記錄為"呼、吃或 eat ", distinguish 可記下前幾個字母,另可記下 noise 和 speech ,其余在腦中消化。

  4. Three out of four pedestrians killed in traffic accidents are either under 15 or over 60. They may not judge speeds very well and may step into the road unexpectedly.

  最先的數字 three out of four ( 4 個里有 3 個)應該邊聽邊記下 3/4 ,接著的數字同樣需要記下,為" <15 / >60"。此次的數字考點并不難,新東方課堂練習中都有大量提及和訓練。

  5. Often, we learn wisdom from failure. We often discover what we will do by finding out what we cannot do. And probably he who never made a mistake never made a discovery.

  "從失敗中得到智慧",這是我們再熟悉不過的道理,理解上應該沒有任何問題。后半句的句型考生也應相當耳熟," He who laughs last laughs best. (笑到最后才是真正的勝利。)"

  9.16中口段落聽譯部分:

  1. There are times when people are so tired that they fall asleep almost anywhere. For example, there is a lot of sleeping on the bus or train on the way home from work in the evenings. In some classes, a student will start snoring so loudly that the professor has to ask another student to shake the sleeper awake. The worst time to fall asleep is when driving a car. Police reports are full of traffic accidents that occur when people doze off and bump into something else.

  聽到這篇文章的時候,很多考生會會心一笑。它非常貼近生活,甚至有課堂上打呼而被教授指令推醒的場景。聽的時候沒有理解上的困難,考生只需分行記下每句的個別關鍵字即可翻出大部分內容。

  2. People with high self-confidence are generally happier and better able to cope with unfavorable conditions. High self-confidence provides a sense of security. It can also give people a sense of purpose and the belief that they are productive members of society. In contrast, individuals lacking in self-confidence are more insecure and their belief in their ability to reach their goals is weak. And when others are successful, people with low self-confidence may feel jealousy and envy. Low confidence leads to low expectations, reduced efforts, increased anxiety and poor performance.

  相對于第一篇,這篇的難度大有提升。若考生發現無法記下所有關鍵字時,千萬不要亂了陣腳,這畢竟是拉開分數檔次的題目。第一句可以記下" high ","笑臉平方(代表 happier )",和"逆(代表 unfavorable condition )",第二句記下" security ",第三句記下" purpose "和" productive ",第四句把" in contrast "當作課堂上講過的" on the other hand "一樣記錄為" /o "表示相反的關系,之后寫上" insecure "和" weak ",第五句記下" envy ",最后一句雖然再次出現 4 個列舉,但應盡量記全而非一聽完急著從頭開始翻譯,哪怕只能記下 3 個,也是全文最重要的得分點。記全之后再開始翻,結合短期記憶并利用合理想象力把文章盡量翻全,不用面面俱到但求自圓其說。

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