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2016年理工A職稱英語補全短文文章及譯文

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Computers are now powerful enough to allow the age of humanoid robots to dawn1. And it won’t be long before we will see realistic cyber companions, complete with skin, dexterity, and intelligence. They will be programmed to tend to your every need.
 
Will we ever want to marry robots? Artificial intelligence researcher David Levy has published a book claiming human-robot relationships will become popular in the next few decades. ____1 C And if you want to go ahead and tie the knot with your special electronic friend,Levy said that such marriages will be socially acceptable by around 2050.____
 
Will humans really be able to form deep emotional attachments to machines? It will, in fact, be relatively easy to form these strong attachments because the human mind loves to anthropomorphize: to give human attributes to other creatures—even objects.
 
For example, researchers in San Diego recently put a small humanoid robot in with a toddler playgroup for several months. _2_ F The bot knew each child because it was programmed with face and voice recognition,and it giggled when tickled.The children ended up treating it as a fellow toddler. When it lay down because its batteries were flat,the kids even covered it with a blanket.
 
In a few decades, when humanoid robots with plastic skin look and feel very real, will people want to form relationships with them? What if the bots could hold a conversation? And be programmed to be the perfect companions—soul mates, even? ____3 E Maybe your generation could resist, but eventually there will be a generation of people who grow up with humanoid robots as a normal part of life. And like those toddlers in the experiment, they will be very accepting of them.
 
The next question, then, is whether there is anything wrong with having an emotional relationship with a machine. Even today there are people who form deep attachments to their pets and use them as substitutes for friends or even children. Few consider that unethical.
 
_4__ B But a sophisticated robot will probably be even more attractive. For those who always seem to end up marrying the wrong man or woman, a robotic Mr. or Ms. Right could be mighty tempting. As the father of artificial intelligence, Marvin Minsky, put it when asked about the ethics of lonely older people forming close relationships with robots: “If a robot had all the virtues of a person and was smarter and more understanding, why would the elderly bother talking to other grumpy old people?”
 
A robot could be programmed to be as dumb or smart, as independent or subservient, as an owner desired. And that’s the big disadvantage. Having the perfect robot partner will damage the ability to form equally deep human-human relationships. People will always seem imperfect in comparison. When you’re behaving badly, a good friend will tell you.5 D However, few owners will program their robots to point out their flaws.
 
People in relationships have to learn to adapt to each other: to enjoy their common interests and to deal with their differences. It makes us richer, stronger, and wiser. A robot companion will be perfect at the start. However, there will be nothing to move the relationship to grow to greater heights.

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譯文:

參考譯文:計算機技術已經足夠成熟,能支持人形機器人的誕生和普及,進人人形機器人的時代。那些有著人類的皮膚、敏捷性、智力的機器人已經離我們不遠了。它們將被設計成能滿足我們所有的需求。
 
我們會不會想和機器人結婚呢?人工智能研究人員大衛•萊維曾出版過一本書,在書中他認為,人與機器人之間的交互在幾十年內將會變得很常見。而如果你想和你的特別的電子朋友戀愛結婚,萊維認為,這種婚姻關系將在2050年左右得到社會認可。
 
人們真的能夠對機器產生深厚的感情嗎?事實上,產生這種感情不難,因為人腦喜歡將物體擬人化,也就是給其他生物甚至物體賦予人類的特質。
 
比如說,圣地亞哥的研究人員曾將小型的人形機器人放置在一個兒童游樂場里幾個月時間。:這個機器人認識每一個孩子,因為內在的程序系統賦予了他人臉識別和聲音識別能力,并且當有人給它撓癢癢的時候它還會笑。最后,孩子們都把它當作自己的同伴。當它因為沒電而躺倒在地的時候,孩子們甚至給它蓋上毯子。
 
幾十年之后,當人形機器人有著類似人類的皮膚,并且看上去和摸上去都非常像真人的時候,人們會不會想和它們發展深入的關系呢?要是機器人能進行對話,情況會怎樣呢?要是編程能使它們變成完美的同伴,甚至心靈伴侶,結果會怎樣呢?可能我們這一代人會反對這種情況,但是最終會有一代人將同機器人一同長大,將機器人視為正常生活的一部分。像實驗中的這些機器人,他們很受歡迎。
 
下一個問題是,與機器人發展感情關系有沒有什么問題。即使是現在,也有許多人對他們的寵物產生深厚的依戀,并以此替代朋友甚至孩子。很少有人認為這種行為有違道德。
 
但是,一個復雜的機器人將很可能變得更有吸引力。對于那些看上去老是和錯誤的人結婚的人來說,一個機器人伴侶可能非常有誘惑力的。人工智能之父馬文•明斯基談到孤獨的老人與機器人產生親密關系這一問題時說:“如果機器人有人類所擁有的所有美德,并且更聰明更善解人意,那么老人干嗎還要費勁同另一個脾氣暴躁的老人交談呢?”
 
—臺機器人可以按照主人的要求被設定成蠢笨的,也可以設定成聰明的,或者性格獨立的。而這正是機器人的一大缺陷。擁有這樣一個完美的機器人伙伴會損害人們形成親密的人與人之間關系的能力。
 
人們同機器人比起來,總是顯得不夠完美。當你有做得不對的地方時,好朋友總是會告訴你.
 
但是很少有人會將自己的機器人設定為會指出自己的不足。
 
處在人際關系中的人必須要學會互相適應:享受共同的興趣,同時妥善處理分歧,
 
這使得我們更充盈、更強大、更富有智慧。在一開始的時候機器人會顯得很完美。但這對 于我們將關系深入發展沒有益處。

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