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最大象群的博茨瓦納丘比國家公園

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  The Chobe National Park, which is the second largest national park in Botswana and covers 10,566 square kilometres, has one of the greatest concentrations of game found on the African continent. Its uniqueness in the abundance of wildlife and the true African nature of the region, offers a safari experience of a lifetime.

  The park is divided into four distinctly different eco systems: Serondela with its lush plains and dense forests in the Chobe River area in the extreme north-east; the Savuti Marsh in the west about fifty kilometres north of Mababe gate; the Linyanti Swamps in the north-west and the hot dry hinterland in between.

  A major feature of Chobe National Park is its elephant population. First of all, the Chobe elephant comprise part of what is probably the largest surviving continuous elephant population. This population covers most of northern Botswana plus northwestern Zimbabwe. The Botswana's elephant population is currently estimated at around 120,000. This elephant population has built up steadily from a few thousand since the early 1900s and has escaped the massive illegal offtake that has decimated other populations in the 1970s and 1980s. The Chobe elephant are migratory, making seasonal movements of up to 200 kilometres from the Chobe and Linyanti rivers, where they concentrate in the dry season, to the pans in the southeast of the park, to which they disperse in the rains. The elephants, in this area have the distinction of being the largest in body size of all living elephants though the ivory is brittle and you will not see many huge tuskers among these rangy monsters.

  丘比國家公元(the Chobe National Park),是博茨瓦納(Botswana)第二大國家公園,面積約10,566 平方公里,還擁有非洲大陸最大的游戲場地之一。它的獨特之處就在于種類繁多的野生動物和真實自然的非洲自然風光,更為游客提供了探險遠征的機會。

  這個公園被明顯地分為四個截然不同的區域:Serondela有著青蔥繁榮的草原;最東北的丘比河(the Chobe River )地區有著濃密的森林;Mababe gate北50公里的西部薩謬提沼澤區(the Savuti Marsh);東北林揚堤沼澤區(Linyanti Swamp ),其間還有干熱的內地地區。

  丘比國家公園的一個主要特色就是它的象群。首先,丘比象可能組成了這個地區最大的可持續象群。象頭數有北部博茨瓦納和西北津巴布韋的總和那么多。估計博茨瓦納象群目前大概有12萬頭象。這個象群是從1900年的幾千頭穩定地增長起來的,它們躲過了1970年至1980年間非法捕獵的大批殺害。丘比象是遷徙動物,季節性地從干燥季節他們聚集的地方丘比和林揚堤河行程200公里來到東南平地,而在這里它們卻由于雨水而分散。這個地區的大象是所有大象中最大體形的,雖然它們的象牙易碎,在這些流浪的龐然大物中你根本看不到這些巨大的有長牙的動物。
 

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