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翡冷翠的圣母百花最大的圓頂教堂

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  The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore is the cathedral church, or Duomo(Duomo is a generic Italian term for a cathedral church), of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Florence, noted for its distinctive dome. Its name (which translates as "Saint Mary of the Flower") refers to the lily, symbol of Florence.

  But a 15th c. document on the other hand states that the "flower" refers to Christ. A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy (such as the Roman Catholic Church or the Lutheran or Anglican churches), which serves as the central church of a diocese. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Florence is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy.

  The cathedral complex includes the church proper, the baptistery and the campanile (bell tower)。 The Battistero di San Giovanni (Baptistery of St John) is believed to be the oldest building in Florence. The Gothic interior is cavernous and gives an empty impression. The relative bareness of the church corresponds with the austerity of religious life, as preached by Girolamo Savonarola.

  Many decorations in the church have been lost in the course of time. As this cathedral was built with funds from the public, some important works of art in this church honour illustrious men and military leaders of Florence :

  Dante and the Divine Comedy by Domenico di Michelino (1465)。

  Equestrian statue of John Hawkwood by Paolo Uccello (1436)。

  The Last Judgement by Domenico di Michelino

  參考譯文

  古羅馬式的長房形禮堂圣母百花教堂是禮拜型教堂,或稱為"杜莫"(意大利文,意思是,禮拜用教堂),歸屬于天主教的佛羅倫薩大主教區,以它與眾不同的的穹頂而聞名。它的名字(直譯為"百花的圣瑪利")指的是百合花,這是佛羅倫薩的標志。

  但一份15世紀的檔案顯示,"百花"指的是基督。一座大教堂是一座基督徒的禮拜建筑,而且是特定的以主教等級命名的建筑(就像羅馬天主教教堂,路德教會或英國國教教堂),它是一個主教教區的中心禮拜教堂。所謂佛羅倫薩的羅馬天主教大主教區,是羅馬天主教教會在意大利的神職領土。

  大教堂的參觀區域包括嚴格意義上的教堂本身,八角洗禮堂,以及但丁鐘樓。那座圣約翰的洗禮堂是佛羅倫薩最古老的建筑。大教堂內部給人的印象是,像洞穴一樣空曠。教堂的相對空曠正與宗教生活的清苦不謀而合,就像薩佛納羅拉傳道時所講的那樣。

  教堂的許多裝飾都在漫漫歷史長河中遺失了。當這座大教堂由公共資金贊助修建的時候,它擁有的一些重要的藝術作品讓佛羅倫薩的軍政要人引以為榮:

  米開朗基羅的《但丁和"神曲"》

  烏且羅的的騎馬雕像《約翰-霍克伍德》

  米開朗基羅的屋頂壁畫《最后的審判》


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