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梵地岡圣彼得教堂世界第一大教堂

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  它建在皇帝尼錄的馬戲團的遺址上,為了紀念被羅馬暴君釘死在十字架上的使徒彼得。如今,舉世聞名的珍貴藏品包括:米開朗琪羅24 歲時雕塑作品皮耶塔,貝爾尼尼雕制的青銅華蓋,貝爾尼尼設計的鍍金的青銅寶座——圣彼得寶座。自查理曼大帝開始,多位皇帝曾在這里加冕……

  In the classical period the site was occupied by Nero's Circus, between the Tiber, the Janiculum, and the Vatican Hill, and St.Peter's,the Prince of the Apostles, was martyred and then buried here. Pope Anacletus had already had a small basilica, ad corpas, or a simple shrine built here.

  In 324 the emperor Constantine replaced the presumably modest shrine with a basilica of Constantinian type, in line with the other churches built in Rome in that period. Finished in 349 by Constantius, son of Constantine, the original St. Peter's was enriched throughout the centuries by donations and updatings by the popes and munificent princes.

  It was in Constantine's basilica that Charlemagne received the crown from the hands of Leo III in 800 and after him Lothair, Louis II, and Frederick III were crowned emperors.

  The Basilica of St. Peter's in Vatican also contains a whole collection of famous monuments, from Michelangelo's Pieta to the venerated effigy of St. Peter shown in the act of blessing, which dates to the 13th century; Bernini's Funeral Monument for Pope Urban VIII, and the analogous Funeral Complex for Paul III by Guglielmo Della Porta, the bronze Tomb created by Antonio Pollaiolo for Pope Innocent VIII, which was part of the original St. Peter's, and the neoclassic Monument to the Stuarts by Canova.

  重點詞匯

  Michelangelo n. 米開朗基羅(意大利文藝復興時期藝術家)

  Bernini n. 貝爾尼尼(意大利文藝復興時期藝術家)

  circus n. 馬戲團,雜技場

  Tiber n. 臺伯河(意大利中部,流經羅馬)

  apostle n. 耶穌十二使徒

  martyr v. 殺害

  pope n. 羅馬教皇

  basilica n. (古羅馬)長方形基督教堂

  shrine n. (小型)神殿,神祠

  Constantine (國王名)康斯坦丁

  donation n. 捐贈品,捐款

  munificent a. 慷慨的

  crown v. 加冕

  venerate v. 崇敬

  analogous a. 類似的,相似的

  neoclassic a. 新古典主義的


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