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龐貝城圓形劇場發生暴亂禁賽10年

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  People in Roman times went to the Amphitheater to see plays and gladiator fights. Some amphitheaters could be filled with water so that ship battles could be fought. Sometimes circuses with acrobats and animal acts would stage shows in the Amphitheater. This large amphitheater is one of several in Pompeii.

  This is considered to be the world's oldest known amphitheater. About the size of a modern football stadium, it had a seating capacity of 12,000 spectators. It was here in 59 A.D. that a riot broke out during a competition with a rival city. The death of many spectators caused the Roman Senate to forbid any games in the Pompeii Amphitheater for the next 10 years.

  The huge square area, called the Palaestra, to the southwest of the Amphitheater was built in the days of Augustus Caesar. This Palaestra served as a gymnasium and a place to indoctrinate the young people in Augustan ideals. In the center was a huge swimming pool, sloping from 3 feet to 8 feet deep.

  參考譯文

  古羅馬的人們去圓形劇場觀看演出和角斗士的表演。一些這樣的圓形競技場還會被注滿水以便表演海上作戰的船只能夠航行。有時候表揚走鋼絲和動物秀的馬戲團也會在圓形劇場演出。圖上所示就是龐貝城幾座較大的劇場之一。

  它被認為是世界上最古老的圓形競技場。大致相當于一個現代的露天足球場那么大,能容納12000觀眾的坐席。公元59年,在與另一個敵對城市的競技比賽中,這里發生了一次暴亂。許多觀眾在暴亂中死亡,這使得羅馬參議院禁止龐貝的競技場舉行任何比賽長達10年之久。

  競技場旁邊巨大的廣場區域,叫做“派拉斯塔”,建于奧古斯都-愷撒時期,在劇場的西南方向。派拉斯塔的作用像一個體育訓練館。建造它的目的是為了給青年人灌輸奧古斯都的理念提供一個場所。它中間的區域是個大型游泳池,最淺的地方深3英尺,最深的地方深8英尺。
 

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