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  Obama to issue a new statement of US national security strategy

  President Obama will formally present a new national security strategy early next year, identifying his foreign policy priorities for the remainder of his time in office, the White House said Friday.

  The new policy document will be the second of Obama's administration and will likely update the previous one, released in May 2010, in several important areas. Those include policies for fighting the next phase of the war against al-Qaeda, the shift of national security resources to Asia and a plan to manage declining defense budgets amid fiscal strain.

  The administration will present another strategy paper on how it intends to achieve the policy ambitions to be outlined in the new national security doctrine sometime in the spring, Obama told Congress in a letter made public Friday.

  The new strategy is being drafted at a time when Obama continues to face questions over his counterterrorism policy, particularly the use of drones in Afghanistan and Pakistan as the US military withdraws from that region.

  Disclosures over the scope of the National Security Agency s eavesdropping practices have also placed Obama at odds with some foreign leaders, including US allies, and prompted him to pledge reforms in the way intelligence gathering is conducted.

  The new security strategy will likely reflect some of those proposals and expand on administration plans in the Asia-Pacific region as the country shifts from a war footing in the decade since the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks to new diplomatic and economic initiatives.

  The National Security Strategy document falls under a 1986 law requiring the president to present Congress with an annual strategic statement. Most administrations have been inconsistent in meeting that obligation. George W. Bush, for example, issued only two during his eight years in office.

  The policy statement sets administration priorities inside the government and communicates them to Congress, the American public and the world. It also is intended as a framework for strategy documents produced by other parts of the government, including the Pentagon s national defense strategy.

  Obama s first National Security Strategy ran 52 pages and set out a course for ending the US military involvement in Iraq.

  Although the strategy asserted America s central role in the world, it also warned that when we overuse our military might, or fail to invest in or deploy complementary tools, or act without partners, then our military is overstretched.

  Americans bear a greater burden, and our leadership around the world is too narrowly identified with military forces, the document reads. It lists as the country's enduring national interests security, prosperity, values and international order.

  In recent months, Obama has outlined some of his foreign policy priorities for the rest of his second term, telling the UN General Assembly in September that in the Middle East he would focus on securing a nuclear agreement with Iran and peace between the Israelis and Palestinians.

  That emphasis will likely be reflected in the updated strategy document, which will also likely look beyond the official conclusion of US combat operations in Afghanistan at the end of 2014.







  《國家安全戰略》是根據1986年的一部法律制訂的。該法律要求美國總統必須每年呈報給國會一份年度政策聲明。幾乎各屆政府都沒履行這項職責。比如喬治 W 布什總統在位八年就只發布兩份。



  雖然該戰略宣稱美國在世界扮演核心角色,同時也提醒 我們若是濫用軍事力量,或是無力投資或部署輔助性工具,亦或者沒有協同盟友單獨行動的話,那我們軍隊戰線就太長了 。

  文件還寫道: (那樣的話)美國就會承受更大的壓力,如果把我們在世界范圍的領導等同于軍事力量領導,那就太狹隘了。 文件羅列出美國 經久不衰的國家利益 :安全、繁榮、價值觀和國際秩序。