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孫中山故居中英雙語導游詞,孫中山故居導游詞中

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  The Former Residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen

  (孫中山故居)

  Ladies and gentlemen,

  Good morning! Speaking of Cuiheng Village, Chinese citizens will have a familiar and friendly feeling. It is because this village is the home town and birth place of the man behind China's first democratic revolution, Sun Yat-sen. It is located southeast of Nanlang Town, Zhongshan City. It is near the Pearl River to the east, while Qi'ao Island, Zhuhai City is directly opposite the village, across the South China Sea. Finally, Wugui Hill is directly west of Cuiheng Village. The village is now home not only to Sun Yat-sen's former residence, but to a Sun Yat-sen monumental middle school and movie city as well, all of which are related to or named after the father of modern and democratic China .

  Besides being rich in history, Cuiheng village is next to mountains and the sea. This good geographical setting and its exquisite natural environment make the village's inhabitants carefree and happy. While walking in the village or stepping onto the Cuishan road, one will feel like he/she is in a forest “paradise” of trees, flowers and birds. Even within the village, you can gaze at the distant hills and cliffs. The vegetation here is well protected, so the forest is verdant and luxuriantly green. Along the two sides of the Cuishan road, the dark green umbrage helps cool the air and provides Cuiheng village with a natural air-conditioner. Even during the sultry summers, you can enjoy the mountain's cool breezes and green shade.

  Sun Yat-sen's former residence is located at the Cuiheng Village and faces west. The residence sits on a 500 square meter area site and is itself 340 square meters. Sun Yat-sen built it with the money sent from Honolulu by his elder brother Sun Mei in1892. We are now standing in front of Sun Yat-sen's former residence. The building is a half-timber house and combines Western and Chinese architectural styles with a wall surrounding the courtyard. Its outward appearance imitates a Western building and its upper floor has seven ember ornamental arches. The middle of the house's penthouse is decorated with aureole under which there is an annotated hawk with a silver ring in its mouth. Going inside, we can see that the building's interior is designed in traditional Chinese architectural style. The parquet is in the middle, while separate penthouses are off to two of the parquet's sides. The four brick walls are grey with white line outlining every brick, and the windows each with two leaves open under the-main roof beam. There are doors at all the four sides of the house that lead out to the street. A well is off to the right side of the courtyard, and the area of about 32 square meters surrounding the well is the place where San Yat-sen was born on November 12,1866.

  Now we are in the parquet of the former residence. The ornaments of the hall were decorated by Sun Yat-sen himself. Please look at the two kerosene burners put on the abutment; Sun Yat-sen brought them here from Honolulu in 1883. The penthouse off to the right is Sun Yat-sen's bedroom. The bedroom still contains his big wooden bed, dresser table and the wooden bench. Sun Yat-sen lived here from 1892 t0 1895 and in 1912. Stepping up to the second floor, the south part of the floor has Sun Yat-sen's study. Sun Yat-sen's photo, taken when he was 17 years old, hangs on the wall. This study also has some of the things Sun Yat-sen used everyday, such as his desk, chair and iron bed.

  Let's return to the courtyard. There is a wild jujube tree off to the left. It was brought by Sun from Honolulu in 1883 and he planted it himself. It grows well. Off to the right, there is a brick raised flowerbed.

  There is a big banyan tree in front of the former residence. There Sun Yat-sen used to listen to the stories of the Taiping generals against Qing told by the old farmers who had fought in the Taiping army.

  Everyone, that is all. Thank you for visiting Sun Yat-sen's former residence!

  各位游客,

  大家好!提起翠亨村,國人都有一種熟悉而親切的感覺,因為它是中國民主革命先行者孫中山先生的故鄉。它地處中山市南朗鎮東南部,東臨珠江口伶仃洋,與珠海市淇澳島隔海相望,西靠五桂山。至今,翠亨村和國父有關的,或者以國父命名的地方有孫中山故居、中山紀念中學、中山影視城。到這里,可以踏尋偉人足跡,緬懷崢嶸歲月。

  除了豐富的人文歷史內涵,翠亨村傍山濱海,氣候宜人,優越的地理位置和優美的自然環境也令游人心曠神怡。在村里漫步,或者走上翠山公路,就如同置身于林木蔥蘢、鳥語花香的世外桃源中。不用出村,你就可以看到遠處峰巒疊嶂,這里的植被保護得很好,滿眼蒼翠,林木蔥蘢。在翠山公路兩側,濃綠的樹蔭帶來一陣清涼,這里是翠亨村天然的空調,即便是酷暑時節,在這里你也可以享受山風和綠蔭帶來的涼意。

  孫中山故居位于南朗鎮翠亨村,坐東向西,占地面積500平方米,建筑面積340平方米,是孫中山長兄孫眉1892年從檀香山匯款回來,由孫中山主持建成的。故居是一幢磚木結構、中西結合的兩層樓房,并有一道圍墻環繞著庭院。它的外表仿照西方建筑,樓房上層各有七個赭紅色裝飾性的拱門。屋檐正中飾有光環,換下雕繪一只口銜錢環的飛鷹。走進樓內,我們可以看到內部設計采用中國傳統的建筑形式,中間是正廳,左右分兩個耳房,四壁磚墻呈灰磚色,勾出白色間線,窗戶在正梁下對開。居屋內前后左右均有門通向街外,左旋右轉均可回到原來的起步點。在庭院右邊有一口水井,水井周圍(約32平方米)是孫中山誕生時的舊房所在地。1886年11月12日,孫中山誕生于此。

  現在我們來到了故居的正廳,廳內擺設是孫中山親自布置的。請看放置在橋臺上的兩盞煤油燈,這是1883年,孫中山從檀香山帶回來的。右邊的耳房是孫中山臥室,當年所用的大木床、梳牧臺和凳子等,仍舊擺放著。1892 ~1895年、1912年,孫中山都曾在此住過。走上二樓,南邊是孫中山的書房,墻上掛著孫中山十七歲時的照片,室內有孫中日常使用過得書桌、臺椅、鐵床。

  回到故居庭院,庭院左邊栽植一棵酸棗樹,那是孫中山1883年從檀香山帶回來種子親手栽種的,生勢茁壯茂盛,右邊是磚砌的花臺。

  故居庭院前的大榕樹,是孫中山童年時代聽參加過太平軍的老人講述太平天國將領反清故事的地方。

  各位游客,孫中山故居就為大家講解到這兒,謝謝各位的支持!
 

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